NCPD Board: Statement on Captioning
We, the Board of Directors of the National Catholic Office for Persons with Disabilities, in our ongoing effort to increase access for Catholics with disabilities, endorse the captioning of films, videotapes and television programming. We urge that professionals charged with development of these medium within the Catholic Church be encouraged to utilize the following information to make their productions available in captioned formats.
Background: Captions can increase access to films and videotapes not only for deaf and hard of hearing individuals, but for those with language disabilities and for whom English is a second language. Captions provide a written display of words or sounds which are scrolled across a display unit such as a television, blank monitor, movie screen or small hand-held receiver. Captions may be either open or closed; and are produced either pre-programmed or real-time.
Types of Captioning
a. Open. Open captions are included as part of the regular programming and viewed by all.
b. Closed. Such captions are visible only after being decoded. Televisions manufactured after 1990 automatically decode these signals, displaying the message on the screen. Separate decoding units are available for systems that don't include this technology.
c. Pre-programmed. Captions prepared in a studio to accompany a pre-produced program. Such captions are then encoded onto the video track in either open or closed format.
d. Real-time. Captions which are displayed instantaneously with the event or broadcast, such as sports events, newscasts, many PBS shows, trials, speeches or theater productions. Increasingly, real-time captioning is used as an alternative to sign language or oral interpreters.
There are firms locally and nationally which specialize in both open and closed captioning work. Consult those listed below or check your local telephone listings or Association for the Deaf for referrals to services in your area.
Prices and procedures will vary among agencies. Provision of a transcript and 1/2" VHS exact dub with time codes will save time and money. Captioning should not add significantly to production time, particularly if a script is available. Generally, it takes one to two weeks to caption a 60 minute video.
National Captioning Institute
1900 Gallows Road
Vienna, VA 22182
800/533-9673, ext. 0 (v) or 800/950-0958 (TTY)
National Captioning Institute
303 N. Glenoaks Boulevard
Burbank, CA 91502
312 Boulevard of the Allies
Pittsburgh, PA 15222
412/514-4000 (v) or 412/232-6344 (TTY)
733 15th Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20005-2112
Silent Word Media Resources (not-for-profit organization)
7400 West Augusta Street
River Forest, IL 60305-1499
Closed Captioning Services
2215 Oak Industrial Drive
Grand Rapids, MI 49503
Adapted with permission from Technical Assistance Guide, TAG-5-84-4, U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Washington, D.C.
Approved by NCPD Board of Directors
March 16, 1996
Open Captioning with