Emergency Plans


On August 12, 2009, the National Council on Disability (NCD) released a report outlining the barriers that persons with disabilities face when disaster hits as they “are left behind when it comes to national emergency and disaster plans,” http://www.lifenews.com/bio2915.html
The NCD report is titled “Effective Emergency Management: Making Improvements for Communities and People with Disabilities,” and contains several Federal recommendations as well as State, Local and Individual level interventions. The report can be found at: http://www.ncd.gov/newsroom/publications/2009/NCD_EmergencyManagement_HTML/EffectiveEmergencyManagement.html.


Below is a list of the documents' table of contents.

Executive Summary

Summary of Key Findings Summary of Key Interventions
The Obama Administration Federal Recommendations State-Level Interventions Local-Level Interventions Individual-Level Interventions


Key Terms and Acronyms

Chapter 1: Scenarios

Hazards/Disaster Agents Ares of Geographic Concern Situational Concerns Type of Disability Implications for the Practice of Emergency Management

CHAPTER 2: Preparedness

Introduction Summary of Key Findings Review of Scientific Literature and Technical Reports Preparedness in General Planning
Participatory Planning Process Planning, Preparedness, and the Law Planning Tools Education Training
Preparedness Materials Warnings Evacuation Planning
Rapid Onset Evacuation Sheltering in Place Conclusion
Research Recommendations Practice Recommendations Policy Recommendations

CHAPTER 3: Response

Introduction Summary of Key Findings Review in Scientific Literature and Technical Reports
Overview of Warning Receipt and Socio-behavioral Response Problems with Warning Receipt among People with Disabilities Deaf and Hard of Hearing: Closed Captioning Alternatives to Closed Captioning Warnings, Response, and People with Visual Disabilities or Limitations Warnings, Response, and Mobility and People with Cognitive Disabilities Technology Overview Technological Devices Evacuation
ADA and Legal Issues Evacuation for People with Physical Disabilities Evacuation for People with Intellectual Disabilities Registries Alternatives to Registries Transportation Assets Nursing Home Residents Buddy Systems Search and Rescue Shelter Conclusion
Research Recommendations Practice Recommendations Policy Recommendations

Chapter 4: Recovery

Introduction Terms and Controversies Summary of Key Findings Review of Scientific Literature and Technical Reports Issues with Recovery Assistance
Accessing Recovery Assistance Types of Federal Aid for Disaster Recovery Unmet Needs Capacities and Strengths of People with Disabilities in a Disaster Context Substantive Area of Concern
Recovery Planning Debris Removal Infrastructure Financial Recovery and Related Impacts Employment and Business Recovery Medical and Health Impacts Housing New Efforts Since Katrina Conclusion
Research Recommendations Practice Recommendations Policy Recommendations

Chapter 5: Mitigation

Introduction Nonstructural Mitigation Structural Mitigation Implications for People with Disabilities Summary of Key Findings Transforming Mitigation for People with Disabilities
Mitigation Planning Mitigation Funding Environmental Mitigation Building Disaster Resilience Conclusion
Research Recommendations Practice Recommendations Policy Recommendations FEMA Recommendations

Chapter 6: Working with Emergency Managers

Introduction Development of Emergency Management Field Understanding Local Emergency Management Creating a Cultural Shift Transfer of Knowledge for Emergency Managers Education and Training on Disability Issues for Emergency Managers Building a Partnership with Emergency Managers Recommendations for Creating a Culture of Change

Chapter 7: Working With Voluntary Organizations

Introduction Types of Voluntary Organizations
Faith-Based Organizations (FBOs) Community-Based Organizations (CBOs) Civic Organizations Social Service Organizations Roles of Volunteers and Voluntary Organizations in Disaster
Post-Katrina Reform Connecting and Coordinating with Voluntary Organizations Disability Organizations with Experience in Disasters Involvement of Disability Organizations and VOlunteers with Disabilities Institutionalizing Disability Organization Involvement in Voluntary Efforts Conclusion
Research Recommendations Practice Recommendations Policy Recommendations

Chapter 8: Implications from the Research

Preparedness and Response Recovery Mitigation Future Research Conclusion

Chapter 9: Initiatives in Progress

Introduction Preparedness
Educational Materials Education and Outreach to the COmmunity and Individuals Planning Registries Response
Providing Resources Using Community-Based Organizations Warnings Transportation and Evacuation Search and Rescue Sheltering Service Animals Medical and Health Care Recovery Mitigation

Chapter 10: Policy, Program, and Practice Trends

Introduction Policy Trends
The ICC National Disaster Housing Strategy National Disability Coordinator FCC Policies Program Trends
Transformative Recommendations for Federal Grant Programs Federal Benefit Programs The Road Home Practice Trends
The Professionalization of Emergency Management Preparedness Response Recovery Mitigation Conclusion

Chapter 11: Interventions

The Obama Administration Agenda Additional Federal Interventions
General Interventions Training, Education, and Information Preparedness Response Recovery Mitigation Start-Level Interventions
Preparedness Response Recovery Mitigation Local-Level Interventions—Organizational
Preparedness Response Recovery Mitigation Local-Level Interventions—Individual
Preparedness Response Recovery Mitigation Needed Research
Preparedness Response Recovery Mitigation


Appendix A: Resources

Visual Resources

Appendix B: Voluntary Organizations

Appendix C: Annotated Bibliography

Appendix D: Mission of the National Council on Disability

Overview and Purpose Specific Duties Statutory History


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